POINTS OF INTEREST / Coll Baix
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other points of interest
Sa Dragonera has belonged to the Majorca Council since 1987, but it was only in 1995 that the Government of the Balearic Islands approved the declaration of Natural Park. Natural Park of sa Dragonera Even though the Natural Park is named sa Dragonera, it also includes the islet of Pantaleu, the island Mitjana and els Calafats within its protected area, because of their shared environmental conditions, they are very valuable due to their magnificent state of natural conservation. Sa Dragonera has belonged to the Majorca Council since 1987, but it was only in 1995 that the Government of the Balearic Islands approved the declaration of Natural Park in order to guarantee the conservation of this space, and show it to all that want to know it. The island of Sa Dragonera is, geologically, the continuation of the Majorcan Serra de Tramuntana, but its vegetation is not the same because it is conditioned by the dimensions of the island, by the steep topography and the influence of the sea. The most common vegetation is littoral, in rocky areas, the coastal areas, the brushwoods of wild olive trees and rosemary, which is very abundant. Concerning the fauna of the park, its name Dragonera gives much away. The common gecko and the lizard are the only known reptiles on the island of sa Dragonera. In fact, apart from the birds, there were no mammals until the arrival of humans. In this way rabbits, goat, sheep, hedgehogs and rats were introduced, some of them for specific purposes and others in accidentally. The vell marí was an autochthonous mammal inhabiting the area, but declined in number and, in fact, there are now just a few left in the Mediterranean. The cetaceans that still can be frequently seen are the common dolphin and the dofí mular. As usually happens in natural parks in coastal areas, birds are the most habitual fauna, numerous and diverse. Sa Dragonera, Pantaleu and la Trapa were declared ZEPA areas (Bird Special Protection Zone). The most frequent marine species are the puffin, cormorant, virot, vulgar seagull and red seagull. Among the percy birds, are the peregrin falcon, the falcó marí, the kestrel and the little owl.
There are plenty of hikes around the island for beginners and experts that lead to some of the most outstanding beaches in Mallorca. Hikes between 30 minutes and 2 hours can lead you to empty beaches with beautiful views just for you. The natural park Llevant for example will walk you through the mountains in the north and has plenty of small paths allowing you to see deserted coves and beaches.
Gothic in style, Palma Cathedral was built during the XIII and XIV centuries. It has soaring delicate columns and a beautiful rose window. The Cathedral Museum is next to it, displaying Gothic art and gold work. Gothic in style, Palma Cathedral was built during the XIII and XIV centuries. It has soaring delicate columns and a beautiful rose window. The Cathedral Museum is next to it, displaying Gothic art and gold work. Around it lies the historic Old Quarter of the city, worth visiting not only for its old buildings but also the lovely courtyards of many of the aristocratic mansions. Palma is a town of many courtyards. The churches of Santa Francesc, Sant Miquel and Santa Eulàlia are Gothic buildings of great beauty and ornate interiors. Contributions by artist Miquel Barceló consisting of a large ceramic mural, stained glass windows and fixtures can be visited in one of the chapels of Mallorca's Cathedral. This avant-garde proposal was promoted by the late Bishop Teodor Úbeda and supported by various institutions under the auspices of the Art a la Seu Foundation, which has not been free from a debate similar to the one surrounding Catalan architect Antoni Gaudí in the early twentieth century, just one more reason to visit this magnificent landmark, one of Europe's most brilliant Gothic buildings.
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Don´t forget to visit...
Caves of Campanet
The Caves of Campanet are situated on the southern slopes of the Sant Miquel hill in the Serra de Tramuntana in the north of Majorca. They have a surface area of approximately 3,200 square metres, are at a depth of 50 metres and have created a cavity of nearly 16,000 cubic metres. The tour, which lasts about 40 minutes, takes you on a pathway of nearly through different passages and chambers, some of which have small water pools.These chambers are known by such romantic names as Sala Romántica (the Romantic Chamber), Sala del Lago (the Lake Chamber), Castillo Encantado (Enchanted Castle), Sala de la Palmera (the Palm Tree Chamber), Cascada Sonora (Musical Waterfall) etc. These caves are noted for the fineness and richness of their calcareous deposits in the form of stalactites and stalagmites. Apart from their natural decorative qualities, different aspects have attracted the attention of scientists and naturalists. For example, whilst work has being carried out to prepare the caves for visitors, the fossilised remains of Myotragus balearicus were found, a species of goat-like bovidae endemic from Majorca and Minorca, extinct 4,000 years ago following the arrival of man on the islands. The caves have inspired painters such as Casimir Tarrassó who dedicated a series of signed oils to them in 1948; and poets such as Bartomeu Guasp i Gelabert who composed the ode "Caves of Sant Miquel" (1949). They have also been the setting for various films.